Dyslexia definition - British Dyslexia Association (2007)

“Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty that mainly affects the development of literacy and language related skills.  It is likely to be present at birth and to be life-long in its effects.  It is characterised by difficulties with phonological processing, rapid naming, working memory, processing speed, and the automatic development of skills that may not match up to an individual's other cognitive abilities. Dyslexia tends to be resistant to conventional teaching methods, but its effect can be mitigated by appropriately specific intervention, including the application of information technology and supportive counselling.”



Resources can be found at:


The British Dyslexia Association (BDA) is a national Dyslexia charity that provides a list of groups and networks to support adults with dyslexia.
www.bdaDyslexia.org.uk

Dyslexia Scotland is a Scottish charity with a network of Branches across Scotland and represents the needs and interests of people with dyslexia in Scotland.
http://www.dyslexiascotland.org.uk/links-and-resources

Patoss - the Professional Association for Teachers and Assessors of Students with Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLDs)
https://www.patoss-dyslexia.org

The Helen Arkell Dyslexia Centre offers dyslexia support and advice to children and adults on dyslexia.
https://www.helenarkell.org.uk/

Dysguise Ltd. offers a comprehensive dyslexia assessment service across all age groups from children to adults.
https://www.dysguise.com/

DEVELOPMENTAL COORDINATION DISORDER (DCD) / ‘DYSPRAXIA’


Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), often referred to as ‘dyspraxia’, is a difficulty with movement and co-ordination which is apparent from childhood and continues into adolescence and adulthood. The difficulties arising from DCD in adults impacts daily living including motor skills, education, work, social contexts and health (Sugden, 2006).

Developmental Co-Ordination Disorder (DSM-5, American Psychiatric Association, 2013)


A. Motor performance that is substantially below expected levels, given the person's chronologic age and previous opportunities for skill acquisition. The poor motor performance may manifest as coordination problems, poor balance, clumsiness, dropping or bumping into things; marked delays in achieving developmental motor milestones (e.g., walking, crawling, sitting) or in the acquisition of basic motor skills (e.g., catching, throwing, kicking, running, jumping, hopping, cutting, colouring, printing, writing).

B. The disturbance in Criterion A, without accommodations, significantly and persistently interferes with activities of daily living or academic achievement.

C. Onset of symptoms is in the early developmental period.

D. The motor skill deficits are not better explained by intellectual disability (intellectual development disorder) or visual impairment and are not attributable to a neurological condition affecting movement (e.g., cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, degenerative disorder).

Resources can be found at:


Movement Matters is the UK umbrella organisation representing the major national groups concerned with children and adults with coordination difficulties, Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and sometimes referred to as ‘dyspraxia’. http://www.movementmattersuk.org/



The Dyscovery Centre provides a specialist high quality integrated service for children and adults with, or suspected of having, a developmental disorder or learning difficulty. http://dyscovery.southwales.ac.uk/



Dyspraxia UK helps children, parents and adults who have Developmental Dyspraxia, with advice, assessments and treatment by specialist Occupational Therapists. http://www.dyspraxiauk.com/



STUDENTS


Brain.HE - Best Resources for Achievement and Intervention in Neurodiversity in Higher Education. Brain.HE is a non-commercial/non-profit-making resource website for students and staff in higher education supporting the social model of disability and promoting the concept of neurodiversity. This website is now archived but still provides a range of resources. http://www.brainhe.com/


Think Positive is NUS Scotland’s student mental health project. The project aims to find ways to support students experiencing mental ill health, tackle stigma and discrimination, and promote wellbeing in colleges and universities https://www.thinkpositive.scot/


Students Against Depression offers UK students comprehensive information and discussion about what depression is, how it develops, self-help strategies and ways to get support. http://studentsagainstdepression.org/

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